Lighting is undoubtedly one of the most important things in photography. A perfect picture demands for perfection in almost all the aspects of photography and light is just one big part of it.
In fact, the whole photography concept is broadly based on the concepts of light. Light plays such a big role in photography that even a slight error can ruin the whole photograph even if other things were right.
4 Elements Of Light In Photography
Modern cameras are designed very smartly. It’s part of one of the best engineering creations in today’s world. Camera’s provide you lots of controls to control light. With the help of these controls, you can adjust how much and in what manner the light affects your photograph. It’s just simply amazing what you can do with these controls.
Generally, these controls are divided into 5 elements and all of these elements are easily controllable with the help of your camera’s light meter. This meter basically adjusts the way in which your camera sees light by adjusting these 5 elements.
In order to understand the concept of photography lighting understanding how your camera’s light meter works is very crucial. Once you understand the working of the light meter of your camera then it will be quite easy to understand the 5 elements of light in photography.
Namely, these elements are:
#1. Shutter Speed
Shutter speed allows you to adjust the amount of light that reaches your camera sensors. With the help of shutter speed, you can control the amount of time for which your sensors stay exposed to the light. This affects a lot of things in your photograph and also helps you provide a lot of different concepts of photography.
A big example of such a concept is motion photography.
Aperture is an opening in your camera lens which can manually be adjusted to control the amount of light that travels through your lens and reaches the sensors of your camera. It is majorly used in synchronicity with the shutter speed.
However, it must be noted that it is also connected to other settings as well so you must be cautious while adjusting the aperture of your camera.
#3. Image Exposure
The actual brightness of your image is related to your image exposure. On a low exposure your image will appear dark and on a high exposure, your image will look more bright.
Generally, high exposure is provided when more detail is required and low exposure is provided when less detail is required. But the surrounding of your object plays a big role in determining the exposure level.
A camera’s flash is used to compensate for the inadequacy of light in your surroundings. It sounds similar to exposure but is actually quite different from it. Flash is quite commonly used in night photography as well as at other places where the availability of light is low.
Many cameras have an inbuilt feature of flash but if it’s not there then adding it externally is possible and is recommended as well.
But you should always use flash cautiously because it can result in many unexpected problems such as the problem of red eye in photographs.