What Is Underexposure And Overexposure In Photography?

Exposure in your photographers is a very big element. It denotes the light that is being depicted in a photograph. Since photography is all about light, therefore, this one basic element is actually one of the most major and crucial ones. Even a slight issue in exposure can ruin your picture completely unless it is treated for.


Understanding Exposure


When we talk about the ideal exposure in a photograph we are actually referring to a well-balanced light level in it. An ideal exposure will be that which is neither too high nor too low. It is always ranging in the optimum level with an exception of slight ups and downs to it.

Many photographers rely on a lot of effects and concepts of photography to enhance their pictures further.

However, no matter which concept or effect you use exposure still remains that much important as in any normal picture.

Furthermore, using a point and shoot or a DSLR camera doesn’t even affect the importance of this element much. The only difference here is that you get a better a control and are able to influence the exposure level effectively and efficiently.

What Is Underexposure?


Exposure in a photograph is broken down into 3 heads.

These are optimum exposure, underexposure, and overexposure.

Underexposure is the one in which the captured level of light/exposure is too low in a photograph. In this case, the photo appears to be on the darker side and most of the details of the picture are lost in this darkness.

Interestingly, many photographers intentionally capture pictures with an exposure level slightly on the under side if a specific filter is not present. This is done to add a special lighting effect to the picture.

A good example of such case would be a photograph of a sunset.

Nevertheless, in normal pictures underexposure is still a big issue. Fortunately, fixing this issue isn’t a big issue. It can easily be done by adjusting a few things on your camera.

Here are a few things you can do:

  • Underexposure means low light level in the picture. Therefore, if you directly work on fixing the issue of low light then the problem of underexposure will automatically be solved. This can be done and is usually done by adding an external source of light to the scene or by using a flash (internal or external).
  • Another helpful measure to fix the problem of underexposure is by adjusting the shutter speed of your camera. Slowing down the shutter speed may help you to resolve this issue effectively.

What Is Overexposure?


Overexposure is the one in which the captured level of light/exposure is too high in a photograph. In this case, the picture appears to be on the brighter side and most of the details of the picture are lost in this brightness. Furthermore, such a picture is hard to look at because of the harshness of the excessive light.

This issue can, however, become an advantage to your photography under one specific case.

If you are working in low light or night photography then overexposing your picture can actually help you bring out more details. But in all other cases, overexposure is still a big issue. In order to fix it, you can work on a few simple things.

Some of these are:

  • ¬†Overexposure is exactly the opposite of underexposure. Therefore, it refers to high lighting levels in the picture. So, if you work on fixing this issue then the problem of overexposure is automatically resolved. In order to accomplish this task, you can either move your object to a place where lighting levels are low. If the object is immobile then removal of lighting source on your camera such as a flash and/or on the scene will greatly help to resolve this issue.
  • Apart from that adjusting, the shutter speed of your camera will also help in fixing this issue. Increasing the shutter speed to a sufficient level will work amazingly.

The Last Resort

Regardless of the issue, if nothing works then there is a last resort that you can rely on. This resort is editing your photos once they are captured by using various advanced photo editors such as Adobe Photoshop.

Nearly, each and every photo editor provides an option to adjust the exposure levels of a picture mainly because of the importance of this element.

One thing that you must know is that editing the photos might work but it will not be able to bring out that extent of details which you can get by fixing this issue directly at the source.

Furthermore, if you are using a high-end camera then you can directly influence the exposure levels straight away from it.

Usually, there are meters available in such cameras which show the current exposure levels and provides recommendations for fixing it. So using them will prove out to be the utmost benefit for you.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.